Every state in India usually has their own uniqueness in apparels as well as the fabrics they use. As a city in a royal state of India, Jaipur fabrics are not only beautiful and unique, but also presenting the royal touch in their designs, giving the ultimate elegance that captivate anyone's eyes. Another thing that makes Jaipur fabric different from the rest of Indian fabrics is the distinctive of its manufacturing process that can't be copied or developed anywhere else. Jaipur fabrics are colorful, bright, and superior in quality. These fabrics that mostly used to produce the famous Indian bed sheets & covers, sarees, lehengas, and many other textiles are manufactured using traditional techniques that have been used for many centuries. Jaipur fabrics are hand-woven fabrics that are dyed using traditional method with natural colors from minerals or plants, and then printed with block printing method.
However, the techniques used and also the designs of Jaipur fabrics produced in different parts of the district have their own uniqueness. This has generated even more variants of Jaipur fabrics, and provides more options for the buyers. There are several different kinds of Jaipur fabrics. They are made using different methods that will make them suitable to serve different purposes.
Bandhej fabric is a type of Jaipur fabric that is very popular in India and throughout the world. Bandhej or also known as Bandhani is actually a term used to describe the manufacturing process of a fabric, which involves tying and dyeing. The art of dyeing has been practiced in India since the pre-historic times. Many ancient texts during the time of Alexander The Great mention the beauty of printed cottons from India. Bandhej itself is a complicated process that requires high skill. To produce various patterns, the fabric is tied with a thread at several points. To get the desired pattern, the maker must tied the fabric in the right manner. A cloth with the length of 1 meter could require thousands of tiny knots in order to produce a desired pattern. It takes years of practice to be able to produce fabrics with beautiful patterns using this method. Bandhej fabrics are commonly used to make sarees, lehengas, and suits. Today you can find various high quality sarees, lehengas, and suits made out of bandhej fabrics in designer stores.
According to some historical texts, Bandhej saree was first used in a royal marriage during the era of Bana Bhatt's Harshacharita. Wearing a Bandhej saree in a wedding is believed to bring good luck for the bride in the future. Besides known as a type of Jaipur fabric, Bandhej fabrics can also be found in other parts of India, such as Gujarat, which is also famous for its textile products. However, each area has its own uniqueness in applying the Bandhej technique. They also apply different colors and patterns, giving distinct characters to the fabrics they produce.
Bagru is actually a small village within Jaipur district, which is famous for its natural dyes and hand block printing techniques in producing high quality fabrics. Everywhere you go in this village you will see people dyeing or printing fabrics. The Chippa community is a group of people who have been applying these fabric’s manufacturing methods for more than a century. However, the technique itself has already existed for more than 300 years. The hand block printing method is also known as Bagru prints, which is considered as a very unique method that cannot be found anywhere else. This technique involves a wooden block that is engraved with the desired design, which then used like a stamp to apply the pattern on the fabric with the desired color.
What makes Bagru fabrics more exceptional is the eco-friendly nature of the products. Bagru fabrics only use natural colors in the dyeing and printing process. For example, to apply background color on a fabric, they often use fuller's earth they collect from the riverside. After they smear the cloth, then they will dip it in turmeric water. This will give the cloth a soft cream color. As for the pattern, they will use earthly shades to print the desired designs. Besides earth, they also use vegetable dyes in the process. For example they use turmeric to produce yellow color, madder root for red, pomegranate mixed with indigo for green, and indigo alone for blue. Most Bagru fabrics are designed with beautiful ethnic floral patterns.
Bagru fabrics are used to make various kinds of textile products, but they are most known for their bed sheets & covers. In fact, High quality Indian bed sheets that are exported to many countries all over the world are mostly originated from Bagru.
Sanganeri fabrics originated from the town of Sanganer, which is located 16 km south of Jaipur. Sanganeri fabrics are one of a kind because of their unique compositions of color and patterns. Most of their fabrics have bright colored patterns printed on white backgrounds. The printing process also done by using hand block printing methods. These fabrics are also commonly used as bed sheets and bed covers. Sanganer is known to produce top quality, hand printed bed sheets to answer the demand from the local and international market.
India is a country with an extremely rich cultural heritage that is very well preserved by the Indian people who highly respect their ancestors. This beautiful culture reflected in just about every life aspect of the Indian people, including in their textile industry. Indian fabrics are known all over the world for their quality and uniqueness, that's why it's no surprising that the textile industry has become one of the largest industries in this country which provided so many jobs for millions of people. Today, India has become one of the most important textile producers in the world. It's the second largest producer of fibre in the world with cotton as its main product. Even though India also produces various other types of fibers like wool, jute, silk, and man-made fibers, its textile industry is mainly based on cotton.
Besides being one of the largest textile producers in the world, India itself is a huge market for textile products. So with the revival of the economic market in 2009 and high domestic demand, the textile industry in India experienced a huge boost. Jaipur, as well as other textile industry regions in India like Gujarat and others, have played a very important role in the growth of the Indian textile industry as well as the economic growth of the nation.
Textile is more than just lucrative industry that has generated billions of dollars of revenue for the country every year. But much more than that, it's also an important part of their ancient culture and tradition. Weaving and spinning of cotton have become a part of the Indian tradition since thousands of years ago. Textile trade has existed in India since the earliest centuries, a lot of archeological evidences showed that Indian textiles were exported to the Nile Civilization in Egypt during medieval times. Many of these evidences were found in ancient tombs in Egypt, such as block printed and resist-dyed fabrics originated from Gujarat that were found in tombs of Fostat.
The silk route in China played a vital role in the distribution of Indian textiles all the way to the western countries in the late seventeenth and eighteenth century. During the industrial revolution in the west, Indian textiles became one of the most sought after products to fulfill the needs of the European industries. Until today, Indian textiles still maintain their existence by providing the needs of high quality textiles for the people all around the world from Asia to Europe.
The City of Jaipur
Jaipur, which also known as the Pink City is located in Northern India that was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II on 18 November 1727, the city itself was named after the Maharaja. Today, Jaipur is the home of more than 3 million people.
Rajasthan is one of the royal states in India that is known for its textile industry. The city of Jaipur, as the capital of Rajasthan has become one of the most important textile industry centrals in India. Jaipur is not only known for its high quality fabrics manufacturing industries, this city has also become the trade center for Indian textiles as well as all kinds of traditional handicrafts and exotic jewelries. A lot of travellers come to this city everyday just to visit the markets to shop for Jaipur fabric, Indian bed sheets & covers, carpets, metalworks, jewelries, gems, handicrafts, antiques, leatherwear, pottery, and many others. Some of the most famous markets in Jaipur are Nehru Bazar, Bapu Bazar, Jauhari Bazar, M.I. Road, Mahiharon Ka Rasta, Haldiyon Ka Rasta, and Kishanpol Bazar.
The fact that this city is also a tourist destination in India making Jaipur fabric even more popular all over the world. Its bright colored fabric and textile really represent the richness of Indian tradition, that's why they could be great souvenirs for travelers who visit India.