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Rajasthan is a colorful state well-known for its rich heritage, vivacious lifestyle, and attractive art forms. The garment industry of Jaipur is especially praised for its state-of-the-art printing techniques. Sanganer printing, especially in bedsheets, is one of the printing styles loved by people. Basically, the Sanganeri printing involves ‘calico printing’ in which first the designers outline the prints and then fill in the colors. Afterward, these designs are repeated again in diagonal sections. Rajasthani designers use the chemical as well as vegetable dyes for creating these stunning prints. Originally colors are derived from natural ingredients like –
· Yellow color from buttermilk and turmeric
· The green color from banana leaves
· Black color from iron rust
· Blue color originated from the indigo plant
· Red from sunflowers and sugarcane
· Purple from kirmiz insect.
Typically, two blocks are used for outlining and filling up the colors. It is used as a direct method of printing. The blocks come with a wooden handle that makes them easy to use.
The mentioned method is done by using colors obtained from vegetables and plants. These colors are resisted via wax, clay, and raisins like in Dabu or Iha method.
As the name suggests, it was the nineteenth century when chemicals are used for bleaching or ‘discharging’ the pattern whenever re-printing is required.
In such a technique, the outline of designing is over-printed using gold. These prints cannot tolerate wear and tear or cannot be washed. Presently, chemical dyes are used for this method. Hence it is less expensive.